On the other hand, Locke paints a calmer picture of the state of nature, arguing that the state of nature has a law of nature to govern it, whichteaches all mankindthat being all equal and independent, no one ought to harm another in his life, health, liberty, or possessions (Locke 9).
He stated that the legislative power should be divided between the King and Parliament in England. Another man also spoke about this separation, the French writer Montesquieu, who wrote about it in 1748 in his book De lesprit des lois. John Locke's Essay Concerning Human Understanding In John Locke's" Essay Concerning Human Understanding"he makes a distinction between the sorts of ideas we can conceive of in the perception of objects. For the power of thinking operates not on the power of choosing, nor the power of choosing on the power of thinking; no more than the power of dancing operates on the power of singing, or the power of singing on the power of dancing, as any one who reflects on it will easily perceive.
With Locke, however, the character of the people is redeemed. The people, for Locke, represent a political power akin to force. Indeed, the people are the ultimate source of power for Lockes government, whether that government is a legislative body or a prince.
The term state of nature and law of nature are referred to by Locke in his Second Treatise of Government (Locke, 2014, Chap2). In this state, human beings enjoyed freedom, and created equally by god. (Locke, 2014, Chap2, Sec4) Hence, for Locke, men are believed to be free, equal and independent. Lockes argument follows religious Locke does not support Hobbess view that one leaves the state of nature to enter a state of political authority in order to vest all power into one entity.
Instead there needs to be checks and balances. Lockes justification for limitations on government stems from showing that an absolute sovereign cannot be an adequate way to protect rights. Locke writes that the people's insecurity stemmed from the lack of an established law to appeal to for injuries, and of impartial judges with the power to enforce their decisions.
The people were no longer emphasizing mutual